An important question among diabetic patients is; what can I eat safely without increasing the glucose level. Here we are providing an answer to different questions about the best diet for diabetics.
Pathology of diabetes mellitus (DM)
Type 1 DM
It is due to destruction of the cells secreting insulin in the pancreas, thus, all glucose from the diet will accumulate in the bloodstream.
Tissues can’t utilize glucose as a source of energy, so the patient will be fatigued.
Some of the excess glucose will pass to urine pulling water with it with resultant dehydration.
Because of this pathology, type 1 DM usually appears during childhood and the patient will be thin and weak in most cases.
Type 2 DM
The main mechanism is insulin resistance, that’s to say that the patient is having insulin already, but it is unable to act because of resistance met by the tissues.
Those patients are almost always overweight or suffering from morbid obesity.
Abdominal fat plays an important role in the development of insulin resistance.
Here, the patient is an obese adult nervous one, suffering from hyperlipidemia and hypertension in most cases.
Importance of controlling the diet for diabetics
It is of prim importance to modify the diet for diabetics in order to:
- Control the amount of glucose entering the body.
- Reduce the risk of diabetes complications.
- Prevent obesity-related complications.
- It is crucially important to adhere to a healthy diet for diabetics for type 2 DM in order to reduce insulin resistance.
Best diet for diabetics
The major rules in the diet for diabetics are:
It is good to have a small meal every few hours in order to maintain the blood glucose level.
To fixate the time of eating meals.
All calories must be calculated with intake of limited amount of glucose.
The patient should avoid sugary, fatty and salty food.
It is better to consume healthy sugars in fruits.
He has to increase the amount of whole grain and veggies, as well as lean protein.
The patient should take small amounts of healthy fat such as olive and canola oil as well as avocado and nuts, and consume low-fat milk and milk products.
Healthy fat includes also omega 3 in salmon, Marcel, tuna and sardines.
He must avoid food additives such as fat, salts and sugar.
The food should contain much fiber such as legumes and whole grains.
Best diet for type 2 diabetes
The best diet for diabetes of the second type is low-carb diet, such as atkins.
It is good for the heart. It depends on eating a lot of veggies and fruits as well as legumes and whole grain. In addition, nuts and olive oil are allowed together with chicken and fish.
It increases the sensitivity to insulin as well as lowering the blood pressure. It aims at eating vegetables, fruits, and whole grain. In addition, lean meat, fish, and nuts.
Foods to be avoided in the diet for diabetics
- Saturated fat.
- Trans fats.
- Salts including preserved food.
Baking for diabetics
Diabetics can eat low-carb deserts. Here are some tips:
- Eat a small piece of the baked dessert.
- Using avocado instead of butter.
- Replacing half the amount of sugar and butter by unsweetened applesauce.
- Substituting the white flour with a mixture of whole-grain and white flour or almond and hazelnut flour.
- Adding artificial sweeteners instead of sugar.
- Avoid milk chocolate and use cacao nibs instead.
- Add carrots and spinach to baking.
Are nuts good for diabetics?
Yes they are. Why?
Because nuts are rich in good fat and essential nutrients such as protein, fibers, vitamins, folate, antioxidants, and minerals.
What are the beneficial nuts to be added to the diet for diabetics?
Best drinks for diabetics
- Unsweetened coffee
- Unsweetened tea
- Low-fat milk
- Vegetable juice
- Sugar-free carbonated beverages
- Sugar-free sports drinks
- Tomato juice