Post-traumatic stress increases the risk of diabetes for women
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has serious consequences on the health of women, according to the results of a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Psychiatry. It would double the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
In women, the severity of PTSD increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, women are twice as likely to experience post-traumatic stress disorder as men. PTSD can be caused by traumatic experiences, such as rape, assault, accidents, and the loss of a loved one.
Researchers at Harvard University (United States) studied the medical data of nearly 50,000 women between 1989 and 2011.
4% of the women followed lived with post-traumatic stress. Among them, 12% became diabetic at 60, compared to 7% of women who had not suffered from PTSD.
For researchers, being overweight
and the use of antidepressants is 50% responsible for this increased risk (34% for antidepressants, 14% for overweight). On the other hand, physical inactivity, smoking or alcohol consumption do not seem to be involved.
“Not only is PTSD devastating to mental health, but it also has harmful effects on physical health, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity,” said Karestan Koenen, professor of epidemiology at the faculty. of Medicine from Columbia University in New York.
“Our study highlights the urgency of stepping up efforts to improve access to mental health treatments and address the factors contributing to diabetes and other chronic diseases”,
for his part, Andrea Roberts, a researcher at Harvard University’s faculty of public health, co-authored this research.
In 2013, the World Health Organization published a protocol and guidelines for dealing with PTSD. In the event of post-traumatic stress, the patient will rather go directly towards specialized treatments such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or a new technique called desensitization and reprogramming by eye movement. “These methods help subjects to reduce vivid, unwanted and repeated memories of traumatic events.
It is recommended to strengthen training and supervision in order to disseminate them more widely, “explains the Organization.