The pancreas releases insulin hormone which is a peptide hormone with the main function of controlling the level of glucose in the blood.
So, it is of crucial importance in the body. Thus it should be replaced if the pancreas is unable to release it or if the body insulin is not well functioning.
Functions of insulin
Glucose is the source of energy to the body cells, that’s why it should be radially available for cells.
Insulin facilitates transportation of insulin to the tissue cells.
It enhances the storage of the simple sugar in the liver in a more complex form called glycogen.
These effects lead to decreasing the blood level of glucose after eating meals.
Furthermore, insulin has other anabolic functions as regards protein and fat.
Insulin hormone deficiency
Its deficiency will lead to failure of glucose metabolism and thus the glucose level will be high in the blood with resultant diabetes mellitus.
If the pancreas is unable to produce insulin or failed in its function during the childhood period, then type 1diabetes will occur.
If happened during adulthood, type 2 diabetes will appear. On the other hand, this type of diabetes can appear secondary to insulin resistance.
It means the failure of the insulin to make its function so a secondary increase of blood sugar level will occur.
Insulin resistance is related to obesity, especially abdominal obesity, where fat accumulates in the waist area.
The patient who is suffering from insulin resistance needs adherence to insulin resistance diet in order to achieve the ideal weight, which will reduce the insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance diet
The patient suffering from insulin resistance should modify his life activities to be a healthier one as following:
- Regular physical exercise.
- Reduce the level of stress.
- Insulin resistance diet, which should contain unprocessed foods of natural sources, such as:
- Fruits which should be fresh or frozen, for instance: grapes, berries, bananas, apples, and peaches.
- Whole grains like oat and wheat as well as brown rice.
- Vegetables, for example, asparagus, tomatoes, carrots, and green beans.
- Fish that are rich in healthy fat, for example, mackerel, salmon, and sardines.
- Beans and legumes.
- Poultry, like turkey and chicken breasts.
Insulin hormone replacement
Insulin is of prime importance so that it should be replaced by insulin injection.
There are several formulas of insulin, as following:
- Rapid-acting insulin.
- Short-acting insulin.
- Intermediate-acting insulin.
- Long-acting insulin.
Insulin syringe sizes chart
Although there are several studies for manufacturing oral and inhaled insulin, it is available only in an injectable form that offers the best cost-effective method.
The method of insulin delivery is either of the three, insulin syringe, insulin pen, or insulin pump. The insulin syringe is small with a short and thin needle, while the plunger is thin and long and it slides inside a barrel.
They are of different sizes in order to deliver different insulin doses.
Insulin syringes sizes chart is available as follows:
|Syringe sizes||Number of Units the Syringe Holds|