information about diabetes disease

information about diabetes disease Diabetes mellitus:

definition :-

It is a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or cells stop responding to body insulin that was produced by the pancreas so that glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body.

for more information about diabetes disease

information about diabetes disease

information about diabetes disease Symptoms:-

  • Symptoms include frequent urination,
  • lethargy
  • weight loss
  • excessive thirst, and hunger.


information about diabetes disease treatment

Treatment includes

  • changes in diet
  • oral medications
  • daily injections of insulin or other hormones–like medications designed to boost insulin or lower blood sugar.


Demographics information about diabetes disease

  • Approximately 23 million patient Americans have diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association.
  • Unfortunately, more people are unaware that they haveDiabetes.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that as of 2010, 230 million patient people worldwide have diabetes.
  • Including 20 million patients in China, 31 million patients in India, 8.4 million in Indonesia, 33 million patients all over Europe, 11 million patient Africa, and two million patients in Mexico.

WHO estimates that we need mass screening to assess the number of people with diabetes mellitus and this may be achieved by 2030.


Description:-


Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease that causes more health complications if uncontrolled including

renal (kidney) failure

heart disease, stroke

limb amputatio

and blindness.

Every cell in the human body needs energy in order to function.

Our body’s primary source of energy is glucose, a simple or glucose source sugar resulting from the food digestion containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches).

Glucose from our digested dite circulates in the blood as a ready source of energy for cells.
Insulin a hormone-chemical produced by pancreatic cells, the pancreas is an organ located behind the stomach.
Insulin joins a receptor site on the cell surface and acts like a key to open a door to the cell, through which glucose can enter.

pathogenesis


Some of the glucose can be transformed into concentrated source of energys like glycogen or fatty acids and saved for later use.

When it is a defect in insulin produced or when the doorway no longer recognizes the insulin key, glucose remains in the blood instead of entering the cells.


The body will try to dilute the high level of glucose in the blood,

A disease or a condition called hyperglycemia, by drawing water out of cells and into the bloodstream in a dilution of the sugar and excrete it in by the kidney in the urine.


It is more common for people with unknown to be diabetic to be more thirsty, drink more amount of water, and to urinate frequently as their bodies try to get rid of the extra glucose.


This creates high levels of glucose in the urine.

At the same time that the body is trying to get rid of glucose from the blood, cells are starving for glucose and sending signals to the brain to eat more and more, thus making patients feel extremely hungry.


To give energy as glucose to starving cells, the body tries to transform fats and proteins into glucose.


The transformation of fats and proteins to glucose for energy results in acid compounds called ketones to form in the blood. Ketones excreted by the kidney in the urine.

As ketones level increases in the blood, its a pathological condition called ketoacidosis.

ketoacidosis may be life-threatening if left with no treatment, leading to coma and death.

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