How do people get gestational diabetes?

How do people get gestational diabetes

How do people get gestational diabetes

2-5% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes but, this number can increase up to 7-9% of mothers who have risk factors, hence the question How do people get gestational diabetes?.

Therefore The important point is how do people get gestational diabetes, is there’s a way to prevent or to avoid it or not? what are the risk factors? 

Gestational diabetes is a condition of hyperglycemia (increased blood glucose level) that occurs during pregnancy which can affect both mother and her fetus.

How do people get gestational diabetes

Insulin is a hormone released from the pancreas therefore, tends to lower blood glucose levels.

During pregnancy, the placenta produces some hormones like:

  • Human placental lactogen (hPL)
  • Human placental growth hormone (hPGH)
  • Estrogen and progesterone

because, it makes the mother’s body less responsive to insulin and more insulin resistant.

During pregnancy, the pancreas secretes more insulin to overcome insulin resistance, if the woman doesn’t secrete enough insulin, gestational diabetes will develop.

Risk factors, how do people get gestational diabetes

  • Over the age of 35.
  • Overweight or obese.
  • Pre-pregnancy body mass index>30 kg/m² 
  • Family history of diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy.
  • Previous hyperglycemia in pregnancy.
  • Previous birth of a large baby (4kg or more).
  • Use of medications as glucocorticoids and antipsychotics.
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

Diagnosis of gestational diabetes

Laboratory diagnosis is important because it helps us to know how do people get gestational diabetes.

A pregnant woman usually develops gestational diabetes around the 24th week of pregnancy, so you will be tested between 24th and 28th weeks.

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

A blood sample is taken to measure glucose level before and two hours after a sugary drink, if blood glucose level remains elevated 2 hours after the drink, this suggests impaired glucose tolerance and the beginning of some insulin resistance.

Diet, how do people get gestational diabetes

gestational diabetes

Diet is important in preventing the development of gestational diabetes because, some kinds of food are harmful to your body’s metabolism and cause gestational diabetes like:

  • Firstly, Food containing too many carbohydrates
  • Secondary, Juice with high sugar content.
  • Thirdly, Processed food like cakes, chocolate, biscuits, and ice cream.
  • Lastly, Food containing saturated fat like a burger and fatty meat.

Management of gestational diabetes

How do people get gestational diabetes 2
  • First of all , Avoid eating food containing too much sugar.
  • Secondary, Diet should contain protein like fish and chicken, healthy fats as avocado oil, and olive oil.
  • Go for a walk after evening meal as exercise can help in lowering your blood glucose level.
  • Eat lighter breakfast to avoid dawn phenomenon (hyperglycemia in the early morning)
  • Apple cider vinegar can help in lowering blood glucose levels.
  • Measurement of blood pressure and body weight.
  • Monitor urine or blood ketone.
  • Regular retinal and renal check during pregnancy.

Conclusion

  • Only 2-5% of pregnant women can develop gestational diabetes.
  • Placental hormones effect during pregnancy is the key answer to your ask about how do people get gestational diabetes.
  • A healthy diet and exercise can prevent you from developing gestational diabetes Furthermore prevent its complications.
  • If you have any risk factors of gestational diabetes, you should seek medical treatment, because it may lead to fetal and maternal complications as well.

Sources

gestational-diabetes-fasting-glucose/

What causes gestational diabetes?

Gestational Diabetes Causes

gestational diabetes

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