Gestational diabetes sign and symptoms

Gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms

Do you feel thirsty? are you fatigued more than before? or you have to urinate more frequently these days? These symptoms are the most common gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms that you may have or maybe not.

So, we will help you to determine either you have gestational DM or it’s something else.

Gestational diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the pregnant mother suffers from high blood sugar levels which can affect her and her baby as well.

What causes gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms?

There’s no exact known cause, but during pregnancy, your body (especially placenta)  produces a large amount of some hormones like human placental lactogen and other hormones that block insulin effect 

Moreover, your body in pregnancy becomes slightly insulin resistant. 

So, what’s the exact role of insulin?

Gestational diabetes sign and symptoms

well, when eating a meal, glucose (sugar) will be absorbed into the bloodstream, here comes insulin role to take this glucose from the blood to enter in various body cells to supply them with energy.

so, you can now estimate what the placental hormones can do by blocking insulin effect:

  • more glucose will be in the bloodstream and can also pass to the fetus.
  • The high glucose amount in the blood will shift water from tissues to the bloodstream, so you are going to feel thirst.
  • As a result of the increased amount of water in the blood, you will urinate more frequently.
  • Although glucose amount is high enough in the blood, cells can’t utilize it, so you will feel hungry and fatigued.

Who’s at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms?

  • Over the age of 35
  • Overweight or obese before becoming pregnant.
  • Family history of diabetes.
  • Previous history of prediabetes (slight increase in blood glucose that precedes type 2 DM)
  • Have previously given birth to a large baby (4kg or more).
  • Got gestational diabetes before.
  • Have been on glucocorticoid therapy.
  • Had a polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or other conditions associated with insulin resistance.

Gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms

It’s mostly diagnosed following a routine screening in the 2nd or 3rd trimester of pregnancy who do not have a pre-existing type 1 or type 2 DM.

Gestational diabetes mellitus symptoms are not obvious in most women.

But if the symptoms appear, what will you feel?

  • Fatigue
  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger
  • Increased frequency of urination.
  • Blurred vision

Management of gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms

Gestational diabetes sign and symptoms2
  • Measure blood pressure, body weight, urinary protein.
  • Check edema to detect the development of preeclampsia.
  • Regular retinal and renal check during pregnancy.
  • Monitor urine or blood ketone to determine if the diet is adequate.
  • Avoid eating food that contains too much sugar.

Complications of gestational diabetes mellitus

Complications affecting the fetus

  • High birth weight
  • Premature birth
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
  • Hypoglycemia after birth
  • development of type 2 DM later in life

Complications affecting mother showing gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms

  • Preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy)
  • Risk of developing type 2 DM
  • Cesarean section if the baby is large to avoid birth trauma
  • Polyhydramnios, which is the production of too much amniotic fluid around the baby, which can cause preterm delivery.


  • Take care of your meal and what you eat to avoid any excess sugar in your blood.
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus sign and symptoms rarely appear in pregnant women.
  • But if they appear, you have to seek treatment to avoid the complications.
  • Remember, healthy food equals a safe pregnancy.


Gestational Diabetes Mellitus


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