Diabetes mellitus is an endocrinological disease that affects the whole body systems. Usually, the patients who are suffering from diabetes type 2 are obese, so they search for a diabetes weight loss diet.
I am going to provide you some helpful notes and tips about diabetes weight loss diets and foods diabetics should avoid.
Types of diabetes mellitus
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
It starts during childhood or adolescence due to failure of the pancreas to release insulin.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
It appears during adulthood. Mainly, it is a result of insulin resistance which means that the pancreas is releasing insulin but it is not functioning.
This is secondary to the failure of the body cells to respond to insulin because of insulin resistance.
These patients are overweight or suffering from morbid obesity, with excess fat in the belly.
In addition, the failure of a weak pancreas to continue secreting insulin is another cause. This is secondary to damage to the pancreatic cells responsible for releasing insulin.
Diabetes weight loss diet
After we had clarified the relationship between obesity and diabetes, indeed, we are expecting the importance of sticking of the patients to diabetes weight loss diet.
It was found that losing 7% of the body weight can lead to a 57% improvement in insulin sensitivity.
The diabetic patient should wait for 10 minutes before eating when he feels hungry, in order to be sure that he is really hungry.
Simply, it is a healthy diet system with low content of carbohydrates and calories, with 800-1200 calories per day.
Moreover, the patient should eat lean protein, excess fibers, fruits, and vegetables. Milk and dairy products should be low fat.
The patient should depend on omega 3 as a source of beneficial fat in addition to natural sources of fat such as avocado, canola oil, olive oil, and nuts as well as flaxseeds.
The protein should constitute 30-40% of the patient’s meal.
There are many weight reduction diet systems that are suitable for diabetic patients, such as:
The Mediterranean diet
It is derived from the Moroccan, Greece, Italian kitchens.
This diet restricts eating red meat to be once per month, but it allows eating healthy fat, protein, and plant-based foods.
The vegetarian and vegan diets
Patients on this diet will avoid eating any meat but will eat animal products such as butter, milk, and egg.
A disadvantage of this diet is the need to get supplements of calcium, iodine as well as zinc and vitamin B12.
This diet is suitable for diabetic patients suffering from celiac disease.
Foods diabetics should avoid
During controlling the body weight, the diabetic patient should avoid:
- Food with high glucose content or glycemic load.
- Baking and foods containing white flour such as pizza, desserts, and white pasta.
- Processed grains for instance white rice or canned grains.
- Food is rich in saturated of trans-fat such as fried food.
- Full cream dairy products.
- Simple table sugar as well as fruits with added sweeteners, for example, jam and apple sauce.
Furthermore, the patient should follow regular daily physical exercise. A good recommendation is:
- To practice 10 minutes of stretch exercise in the morning.
- 10 minutes of walking in the launch time.
- Another 10 minutes in the evening for weight exercises.